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AIPMT Syllabus 2018 | NEET UG Exam Pattern Biology/Chemistry/Phy PDF Download

AIPMT Syllabus                   

AIPMT 2018 (All India Pre Medical Test) is conducted to provide admission in MBBS/BDS programmes in various institutions. Central Board of Secondary Education replaced NEET from AIPMT and going to conduct it soon, keen contenders must download AIPMT Syllabus to acknowledge the exam topics details.

In AIPMT, questions will b asked from 11th and 12th class standard syllabus which comprises Physics, Chemistry and Biology. All India Pre Medical Test will be conducted as Objective Type Paper in 10 languages i.e. Hindi, English, Tamil, Telugu, Gujarati, Marathi, Bengali, Assamese, oriya and Kannada.

Participants can download AIPMT 2018 Syllabus and NEET UG Exam Pattern PDF by going through the official website or directly by moving their cursor on this page which is designed by the team members of www.recruitmentinboxx.com.

AIPMT Syllabus

Physics AIPMT Syllabus by CBSE

AIPMT Entrance Syllabus of Class XIAIPMT Medical Entrance Syllabus of Class XII
  • Physical world and measurement
  • Kinematics
  • Laws of Motion
  • Work, Energy and Power
  • Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body
  • Gravitation
  • Properties of Bulk Matter
  • Thermodynamics
  • Behavior of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory
  • Oscillations and Waves
  • Electrostatics
  • Current Electricity
  • Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
  • Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
  • Electromagnetic Waves
  • Optics
  • Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
  • Atoms and Nuclei
  • Electronic Devices

AIPMT Syllabus Chapter Wise Syllabus of Class XI Physics

Unit I: Physical World and Measurement

01Physics: Scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; Physics, technology and society.

Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and derived units. Length, mass and time measurements; accuracy and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant figures.

03Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications.

Unit II: Kinematics AIPMT Syllabus


Frame of reference, Motion in a straight line; Position-time graph, speed and velocity. Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity. Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time and position-time graphs, for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment).


Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion. Scalar and vector quantities: Position and displacement vectors, general vectors, general vectors and notation, equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition and subtraction of vectors. Relative velocity

03Unit vectors. Resolution of a vector in a plane-rectangular components.

Scalar and Vector products of Vectors. Motion in a plane. Cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration- projectile motion. Uniform circular motion.

Unit III: Laws of Motion AIPMT Syllabus 


Intuitive concept of force. Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum and Newton’s second law of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications.


Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication.


Dynamics of uniform circular motion. Centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on level circular road, vehicle on banked road).

Unit IV: Work, Energy and Power AIPMT Syllabus

  • Work done by a constant force and variable force; kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, power
  • Notion of potential energy, potential energy of a spring, conservative forces; conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies); non-conservative forces; motion in a vertical circle, elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions

 Unit V: Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body


Centre of mass of a two-particle system, momentum conservation and centre of mass motion. Centre of mass of a rigid body; centre of mass of uniform rod

02Moment of a force,-torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum with some examples

Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equation of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions; moment of inertia, radius of gyration. Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects (no derivation). Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.

Unit VI: Gravitation AIPMT Syllabus

  • Kepler’s laws of planetary motion. The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth.
  • Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite. Geostationary satellites.

Unit VII: Properties of Bulk Matter

Elastic behavior, Stress-strain relationship. Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear, modulus of rigidity, poisson’s ratio; elastic energy

Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, Reynold’s number, streamline and turbulent flow. Critical velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications.

Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise

Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and gases. Anomalous expansion. Specific heat capacity: Cp, Cv- calorimetry; change of state – latent heat

Heat transfer- conduction and thermal conductivity, convection and radiation. Qualitative ideas of Black Body Radiation, Wein’s displacement law, and Green House effect.

Newton’s law of cooling and Stefan’s law.

Unit VIII: Thermodynamics AIPMT Syllabus

  • Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of Thermodynamics).
  • Heat, work and internal energy.
  • First law of thermodynamics.
  • Isothermal and adiabatic processes
  • Second law of the thermodynamics: Reversible and irreversible processes.
  • Heat engines and refrigerators.

Unit IX: Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory

  • Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas
  • Kinetic theory of gases: Assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature; degrees of freedom, law of equipartition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases; concept of mean free path.

Unit X: Oscillations and Waves AIPMT Syllabus

Part A
  • Periodic motion-period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion(SHM) and its equation
  • phase; oscillations of a spring-restoring force and force constant
  • energy in SHM –Kinetic and potential energies
  • simple pendulum-derivation of expression for its time period
  • free, forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance

Part B

  • Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of wave motion.
  • Displacement relation for a progressive wave.
  • Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics. Beats. Doppler effect.

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AIPMT Syllabus for Physics of Class XII

Unit I: Electrostatics AIPMT Syllabus

Part A
  • Electric charges and their conservation. Coulomb’s law-force between two point charges, forces between multiple charges
  • superposition principle and continuous charge distribution
Part B
  • Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines
  • electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole
  • torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.

Part C

Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside)

Part D

Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges: equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric diploes in an electrostatic field.

Part E

Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor, Van de Graaff generator.

Unit II: Current Electricity AIPMT Syllabus

Part A
  • Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity and mobility, and their relation with electric current
  • Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (liner and non-linear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity


Part B
  • Carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors
  • series and parallel combinations of resistors
  • Temperature dependence of resistance.


Part C

Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel.

Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications. Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge.

Potentiometer-principle and applications to measure potential difference, and for comparing emf of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell.

Unit III: Magnetic Effects Of Current And Magnetism

  • Concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment. Biot-Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop.
  • Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire, straight and toroidal solenoids. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron.
  • Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in a magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter
  • Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron. Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis. Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements.
  • Para-, dia-and ferro-magnetic substances, with examples.
  • Electromagnetic and factors affecting their strengths. Permanent magnets.

Unit IV: Electromagnetic Induction And Alternating Currents

  • Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law, induced emf and current; Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance
  • Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/ voltage; reactance and impedance; LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, wattles current.
  • AC generator and transformer.

Unit V: Electromagnetic Waves AIPMT Syllabus

  • Need for displacement current
  • Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (qualitative ideas only). Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.
  • Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, x-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses.

 Unit VI: Optics AIPMT Syllabus


Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula. Refraction of light, total internal reflection and its applications optical fibres, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lens-maker’s formula. Magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact combination of a lens and a mirror. Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism

02Scattering of light- blue colour of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset
03Optical instruments: Human eye, image formation and accommodation, correction of eye defects (myopia and hypermetropia) using lenses
04Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.

Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygens’ principle, reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wavefronts

06Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens’ principle

Interference, Young’s double hole experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light.

08Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum.

Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes. Polarisation, plane polarized light; Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids.

Unit VII: Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation


Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation- particle nature of light.


Matter waves- wave nature of particles, de Broglie relation. Davisson-Germer experiment (experimental details should be omitted; only conclusion should be explained).

Unit VIII: Atoms and Nuclei AIPMT Syllabus

Part A
  • Alpha- particle scattering experiments
  • Rutherford’s model of atom
  • Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum.
  • Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones.
Part B
  • Radioactivity- alpha, beta and gamma particles/ rays and their properties decay law
  • Mass-energy relation, mass defect
  • binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.

 Unit IX: Electronic Devices AIPMT Syllabus

  • Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), conductors, insulators and semiconductors
  • semiconductor diode- I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier I-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode
  • Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor
  • transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch

Download Paper with Solution: AIPMT Previous Year Question

AIPMT Syllabus for Entrance Exam Chemistry

AIPMT Syllabus Chemistry of Class XIAIPMT Syllabus 2018 Download Class XII
  • Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry
  • Structure of Atom
  • Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties
  • Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
  • States of Matter: Gases and Liquids
  • Thermodynamics
  • Equilibrium
  • Redox Reactions
  • Hydrogen
  • s-Block Element (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals)
  • Some p-Block Elements
  • Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and Techniques
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Solid State
  • Solutions
  • Electrochemistry
  • Chemical Kinetics
  • Surface Chemistry
  • General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
  • p- Block Elements
  • d and f Block Elements
  • Coordination Compounds
  • Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
  • Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
  • Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
  • Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
  • Biomolecules
  • Polymers
  • Chemistry in Everyday Life

 AIPMT Syllabus Important Topics of Class XI Chemistry

Unit I: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

General Introduction
Important and scope of chemistry
Laws of chemical combination
  • Dalton’s atomic theory
  • Concept of elements, atoms and molecules
Atomic and molecular masses
  • Mole concept and molar mass
  • percentage composition and empirical and molecular formula
  • chemical reactions, stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry.

Unit II: Structure of Atom AIPMT Syllabus

Atomic number, isotopes and isobars. Concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and light, de Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, concept of orbital, quantum numbers, shapes of s,p and d orbitals, rules for filling electrons in orbitals- Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principles and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of atoms, stability of half filled and completely filled orbitals.

Unit III: Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties

Modern periodic law and long form of periodic table, periodic trends in properties of elements- atomic radii, ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, valence.

Unit IV: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters, Lewis structure, polar character of covalent bond, valence bond theory, resonance, geometry of molecules, VSEPR theory, concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules (qualitative idea only). Hydrogen bond.

Unit V: States of Matter: Gases and Liquids


Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling points, role of gas laws of elucidating the concept of the molecule, Boyle’s law, Charle’s law, Gay Lussac’s law, Avogadro’s law, ideal behaviour of gases, empirical derivation of gas equation. Avogadro number, ideal gas equation. Kinetic energy and molecular speeds (elementary idea), deviation from ideal behaviour, liquefaction of gases, critical temperature


Liquid State- Vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension (qualitative idea only, no mathematical derivations).

Unit VI: Thermodynamics AIPMT Syllabus 


First law of thermodynamics-internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and specific heat, measurement of U and H, Hess’s law of constant heat summation, enthalpy of : bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, ionization, solution and dilution.


Introduction of entropy as state function, Second law of thermodynamics, Gibbs energy change for spontaneous and non-spontaneous process, criteria for equilibrium and spontaneity.

03Third law of thermodynamics- Brief introduction.

Unit VII: Equilibrium AIPMT Syllabus

  • Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibrium-Le Chatelier’s principle
  • ionic equilibrium- ionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes, degree of ionization, ionization of polybasic acids, acid strength, concept of pH., Hydrolysis of salts (elementary idea)., buffer solutions, Henderson equation, solubility product, common ion effect (with illustrative examples).

 Unit VIII: Redox Reactions AIPMT Syllabus

Concept of oxidation and oxidation and reduction, redox reactions oxidation number, balancing redox reactions in terms of loss and gain of electron and change in oxidation numbers

Unit IX: Hydrogen AIPMT Syllabus 

  • Occurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen
  • hydrides-ionic, covalent and interstitial
  • physical and chemical properties of water, heavy water
  • hydrogen peroxide-preparation, reactions, uses and structure

 Unit X: s-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals)

01Group I and group 2 elements:
02General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationship, trends in the variation of properties (such as ionization enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii), trends in chemical reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen and halogens; uses.
03Preparation and Properties of Some important Compounds
04Sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogencarbonate, biological importance of sodium and potassium
05Industrial use of lime and limestone, biological importance of Mg and Ca.

Unit XI: Some p-Block Elements AIPMT Syllabus

Part A: General Introduction to p-Block Elements

Part B: Group 13 elements
  • General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous properties of first element of the group
  • oron, some important compounds: borax, boric acids, boron hydrides.
  • Aluminium: uses, reactions with acids and alkalies.
Part C: General 14 elements

General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous behaviour of first element. Carbon, allotropic forms, physical and chemical properties: uses of some important compounds: oxides

Important compounds of silicon and a few uses: silicon tetrachloride, silicones, silicates and zeolites, their uses.

 Unit XII: Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and Techniques

General introduction

Methods of purification qualitative and quantitative analysis, classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds.

Electronic displacements in a covalent bond inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyper conjugation
Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond

 Free radials, carbocations, carbanions; electrophiles and nucleophiles, types of organic reactions.

Unit XIII: Hydrocarbons AIPMT Syllabus

Environmental pollution
  • Air, water and soil pollution, chemical reactions in atmosphere, smogs, major atmospheric pollutants
  • acid rain ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer, greenhouse effect and global warmingpollution due to industrial wastes
  • green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution, strategy for control of environmental pollution.

Unit XIV: Environmental Chemistry AIPMT Syllabus

Environmental pollution
  • Air, water and soil pollution, chemical reactions in atmosphere, smogs, major atmospheric pollutants
  • acid rain ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer, greenhouse effect and global warmingpollution due to industrial wastes
  • green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution, strategy for control of environmental pollution.

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AIPMT Course Syllabus of Class XII Chemistry

UNIT I: Solid State AIPMT Syllabus

Classification of solids based on different binding forces: molecular, ionic covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea), unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, packing efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties, Band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors and insulators.

 UNIT II: Solutions AIPMT Syllabus

Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative properties- relative lowering of vapour pressure, Raoult’s law, elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties abnormal molecular mass. Van Hoff factor

UNIT III: Electrochemistry AIPMT Syllabus

  • Redox reactions, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity variation of conductivity with concentration, kohlrausch’s Law, electrolysis and Laws of electrolysis (elementary idea), dry cell- electrolytic cells and Galvanic cells
  • lead accumulator, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, Relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell, fuel cells corrosion

 UNIT IV: Chemical Kinetics AIPMT Syllabus

  • Rate of a reaction (average and instantaneous), factors affecting rates of reaction
  • concentration, temperature, catalyst
  • order and molecularity of a reaction
  • rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half life (only for zero and first order reactions)
  • concept of collision theory ( elementary idea, no mathematical treatment).
  • Activation energy, Arrhenious equation.

UNIT V: Surface Chemistry AIPMT Syllabus

  • Adsorption-physisorption and chemisorptions
  • factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids, catalysis homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity: enzyme catalysis
  • colloidal state: distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspensions
  • lyophillic, lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids
  • properties of colloids
  • Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation
  • emulsions- types of emulsions.

UNIT VI: General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements

  • Principles and methods of extraction- concentration, oxidation, reduction electrolytic method and refining
  • occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron.

UNIT VII: p- Block Elements AIPMT Syllabus

Group 15 elements
  • General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties
  • Preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid, oxides of nitrogen (structure only)
  • Phosphorous- allotropic forms
  • Compounds of phosphorous: preparation and properties of phosphine, halides (PCI3 , PCI5 ) and oxoacids (elementary idea only)
Group 16 elements
  • General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties
  • dioxygen: preparation, properties and uses
  • classification of oxides
  • ozone. Sulphur – allotropic forms
  • compounds of sulphur: preparation, preparation, properties and uses of sulphur dioxide
  • sulphuric acid: industrial process of manufacture, properties and uses, oxoacids of sulphur (structures only).
Group 17 elements
  • General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties
  • compounds of halogens: preparation, properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid, interhalogen compounds oxoacids of halogens (structures only).
Group 18 elements

General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, uses.

 UNIT VIII: d and f Block Elements AIPMT Syllabus


General introduction, electronic configuration, characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the· first row transition metals- metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation. Preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4


Lanthanoids- electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity, and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences.


Actinoids: Electronic configuration, oxidation states and comparison with lanthanoids

UNIT IX: Coordination Compounds

  • Coordination compounds: Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism (structural and stereo) bonding, Werner’s theory VBT,CFT
  • importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, biological systems).

UNIT X: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes


 Nomenclature, nature of C –X bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions. Optical rotation.


 Nature of C-X bond, substitution reactions (directive influence of halogen for monosubstituted compounds only)

Uses and environment effects of

 dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT

UNIT XI: Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

  • Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only)
  • Identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols
  • Mechanism of dehydration, uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol

Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophillic substitution reactions, uses of phenols

Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties uses

UNIT XII: Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

Aldehydes and Ketones

 Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; and mechanism of nucleophilic addition, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes; uses

Carboxylic Acids

 Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses.

 UNIT XIII: Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen


 Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary secondary and tertiary amines.

Cyanides and Isocyanides will be mentioned at relevant places
Diazonium salts Preparation, chemical reactions and importance in synthetic organic chemistry.

UNIT XIV: Biomolecules AIPMT Syllabus


Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharide (glucose and fructose), D.L. configuration, oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen) importance


Elementary idea of – amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, primary structure, secondary structure, tertiary structure and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins; enzymes.

HormonesElementary idea (excluding structure)
VitaminsClassification and function
Nucleic Acids DNA and RNA

UNIT XV: Polymers AIPMT Syllabus

  • Classification- Natural and synthetic, methods of polymerization (addition and condensation), copolymerization.
  • Some important polymers: natural and synthetic like polyesters, bakelite; rubber, Biodegradable and non-biodegradable polymers.

UNIT XVI: Chemistry in Everyday Life AIPMT Syllabus

  • Chemicals in medicines- analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines
  • Chemicals in food- preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants.
  • Cleansing agents- soaps and detergents, cleansing action

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AIPMT Detailed Syllabus of Biology (Botany + Zoology)

Class XIClass XII
  • Diversity in Living World
  • Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants
  • Cell Structure and Function
  • Plant Physiology
  • Human physiology
  • Reproduction
  • Genetics and Evolution
  • Biology and Human Welfare
  • Biotechnology and Its Applications
  • Ecology and environment

 AIPMT Latest Syllabus of Biology for Class XI

UNIT I: Diversity in Living World AIPMT Syllabus  

Part I
  • What is living?
  • Need for classification
  • Taxonomy & Systematics
  • Binomial nomenclature
  • Biodiversity
  • Three domains of life
  • Concept of species and taxonomical hierarchy
  • Tools for study of Taxonomy – Museums, Zoos, Herbaria, Botanical gardens.
Part II
  • Five kingdom classification
  • Protista and Fungi into major groups
  • Viruses and Viroids
  • salient features and classification of Monera Lichens
Part III
  • Salient features and classification of plants into major groups-Algae Bryophytes
  • Pteridophytes Gymnosperms and Angiosperms (three to five salient and distinguishing features and at least two examples of each category); Angiospermsclassification up to class
  • characteristic features and examples)
Part IV

Salient features and classification of animals-nonchordate up to phyla level and chordate up to classes level (three to five salient features and at least two examples).


Unit II: Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants AIPMT Syllabus

Part I
  • Morphology and modifications
  • Tissues
  • Anatomy and functions of different parts of flowering plants: Root, stem, leaf, inflorescence- cymose and recemose, flower, fruit and seed (To be dealt along with the relevant practical of the Practical Syllabus)
Part II
  • Animal tissues
  • Morphology, anatomy and functions of different systems (digestive, circulatory, respiratory, nervous and reproductive) of an insect (cockroach).

(Brief account only)

 Unit III: Cell Structure and Function AIPMT Syllabus

Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life
  • Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell
  • Plant cell and animal cell
  • Cell envelope, cell membrane, cell wall
  • Cell organelles-structure and function
  • Endomembrane system-endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi bodies, lysosomes, vacuoles
  • mitochondria, ribosomes, plastids, micro bodies
  • Cytoskeleton, cilia, flagella, centrioles (ultra structure and function)
  • Nucleus-nuclear membrane, chromatin, nucleolus
Chemical constituents of living cells
  • Biomolecules-structure and function of proteins, carbodydrates, lipids, nucleic acids
  • Enzymes-types, properties, enzyme action
B Cell division
Cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis and their significance


Unit IV: Plant Physiology AIPMT Syllabus

Transport in plants
  • Movement of water, gases and nutrients
  • Cell to cell transport-Diffusion, facilitated diffusion, active transport
  • Plant – water relations – Imbibition, water potential, osmosis, plasmolysis
  • Long distance transport of water – Absorption, apoplast, symplast, transpiration pull, root pressure and guttation
  • Transpiration-Opening and closing of stomata
  • Uptake and translocation of mineral nutrients-Transport of food, phloem transport, Mass flow hypothesis
  • Diffusion of gases (brief mention)
Mineral Nutrition
  • Essential minerals, macro and micronutrients and their role
  • Deficiency symptoms
  • Mineral toxicity
  • Elementary idea of Hydroponics as a method to study mineral nutrition
  • Nitrogen metabolism-Nitrogen cycle, biological nitrogen fixation
  • Photosynthesis as a means of Autotrophic nutrition
  • pigments involved in Photosynthesis (Elementary idea)
  • Cyclic and non cyclic and photophosphorylation
  • Photorespiration C3 and C4 pathways
  • Site of photosynthesis take place
  • Photochemical and biosynthetic phases of photosynthesis
  • Chemiosmotic hypothesis
  • Factors affecting photosynthesis
  • Exchange gases
  • Cellular respiration-glycolysis, fermentation (anaerobic), TCA cycle and electron transport system (aerobic)
  • Energy relations-Number of ATP molecules generated
  • Amphibolic pathways
  • Respiratory quotient
Plant growth and development
  • Seed germination
  • Conditions of growth
  • Sequence of developmental process in a plant cell
  • Seed dormancy
  • Photoperiodism
  • Phases of Plant growth and plant growth rate
  • Differentiation, dedifferentiation and redifferentiation
  • Growth regulators-auxin,gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene, ABA
  • Vernalisation

 Unit V: Human Physiology AIPMT Syllabus 

Digestion and absorption
  • Alimentary canal and digestive glands
  • Role of digestive enzymes and gastrointestinal hormones
  • Peristalsis, digestion, absorption and assimilation of proteins, carbohydrates and fats
  • Caloric value of proteins, carbohydrates and fats
  • Egestion
  • Nutritional and digestive disorders – PEM, indigestion, constipation, vomiting, jaundice, diarrhea.
Breathing and Respiration
  • Respiratory organs in animals (recall only)
  • Respiratory system in humans
  • Mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans-Exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of respiration Respiratory volumes
  • Disorders related to respiration-Asthma, Emphysema, Occupational respiratory disorders
Body fluids and circulation
  • Composition of blood, blood groups, coagulation of blood
  • Composition of lymph and its function
  • Human circulatory system-Structure of human heart and blood vessels
  • Cardiac cycle, cardiac output, ECG, Double circulation
  • Regulation of cardiac activity
  • Disorders of circulatory system-Hypertension, Coronary artery disease, Angina pectoris, Heart failure
Excretory products and their elimination
  • Modes of excretion- Ammonotelism, ureotelism, uricotelism
  • Human excretory system-structure and fuction
  • Urine formation, Osmoregulation
  • Regulation of kidney function-Renin-angiotensin, Atrial Natriuretic Factor, ADH and Diabetes insipidus
  • Role of other organs in excretion
  • Disorders
  • Uraemia, Renal failure, Renal calculi, Nephritis
  • Dialysis and artificial kidney
Locomotion and Movement
  • Types of movement- ciliary, fiagellar, muscular
  • Skeletal muscle- contractile proteins and muscle contraction
  • Skeletal system and its functions (To be dealt with the relevant practical of Practical syllabus)
  • Joints
  • Disorders of muscular and skeletal system-Myasthenia gravis, Tetany, Muscular dystrophy, Arthritis, Osteoporosis, Gout
Neural control and coordination
  • Neuron and nerves
  • Nervous system in humans- central nervous system, peripheral nervous system and visceral nervous system
  • Generation and conduction of nerve impulse
  • Reflex action
  • Sense organs
  • Elementary structure and function of eye and ear
Chemical coordination and regulation
  • Endocrine glands and hormones
  • Human endocrine system-Hypothalamus, Pituitary, Pineal, Thyroid, Parathyroid, Adrenal, Pancreas, Gonads
  • Mechanism of hormone action (Elementary Idea)
  • Role of hormones as messengers and regulators, Hypo-and hyperactivity and related disorders (Common disorders e.g. Dwarfism, Acromegaly, Cretinism, goiter, exopthalmic goiter, diabetes, Addison’s disease).

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AIPMT Syllabus Biology of Class XII

UNIT I: Reproduction AIPMT Syllabus

Reproduction in organisms
  • Reproduction, a characteristic feature of all organisms for continuation of species
  • Modes of reproduction – Asexual and sexual
  • Asexual reproduction
  • Modes-Binary fission, sporulation, budding, gemmule, fragmentation
  • vegetative propagation in plants
Sexual reproduction in flowering plants
  • Flower structure
  • Pollinationtypes
  • Outbreeding devices
  • Double fertilization
  • Development of endosperm and embryo
  • Special modes-apomixis, parthenocarpy, polyembryony
  • Development of male and female gametophytes
  • agencies and examples
  • Pollen-Pistil interaction
  • Post fertilization events
  • Development of seed and formation of fruit
  • Significance of seed and fruit formation
Human Reproduction
  • Male and female reproductive systems
  • Microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary
  • Gametogenesisspermatogenesis & oogenesis
  • Menstrual cycle
  • Fertilisation, embryo development upto blastocyst formation, implantation
  • Pregnancy and placenta formation (Elementary idea)
  • Parturition (Elementary idea)
  • Lactation (Elementary id)
Reproductive Health
  • Need for reproductive health and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STD)
  • Birth control Need and Methods, Contraception and Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP)
  • Amniocentesis
  • Infertility and assisted reproductive technologies – IVF, ZIFT, GIFT (Elementary idea for general awareness)


UNIT II: Genetics and Evolution AIPMT Syllabus  

Heredity and variation
  • Mendelian Inheritance
  • Deviations from Mendelism-Incomplete dominance, Co-dominance, Multiple alleles and Inheritance of blood groups, Pleiotropy
  • Elementary idea of polygenic inheritance
  • Chromosome theory of inheritance
  • Chromosomes and genes
  • Sex determination-In humans, birds, honey bee
  • Linkage and crossing over
  • Sex linked inheritance-Haemophilia, Colour blindness
  • Mendelian disorders in humans-Thalassemia
  • Chromosomal disorders in humans
  • Down’s syndrome, Turner’s and Klinefelter’s syndromes


Molecular basis of Inheritance
  • Search for genetic material and DNA as genetic material
  • DNA packaging
  • Central dogma
  • Gene expression and regulation-Lac Operon
  • DNA finger printing
  • Structure of DNA and RNA
  • DNA replication
  • Transcription, genetic code, translation
  • Genome and human genome project


  • Origin of life
  • Biological evolution and evidences for biological evolution from Paleontology, comparative anatomy, embryology and molecular evidence)
  • Darwin’s contribution, Modern Synthetic theory of Evolution
  • Mechanism of evolution-Variation (Mutation and Recombination) and Natural Selection with examples, types of natural selection
  • Gene flow and genetic drift
  • Hardy-Weinberg’s principle
  • Adaptive Radiation
  • Human evolution

 UNIT III: Biology and Human Welfare AIPMT Syllabus

Part I
  • Health and Disease
  • Parasites causing human diseases (Malaria, Filariasis, Ascariasis.
  • Basic concepts of immunology-vaccines
  • Adolescence, drug and alcohol abuse.
  • Pathogens
  • Typhoid, Pneumonia, common cold, amoebiasis, ring worm)
  • Cancer, HIV and AIDS
Part II
  • Improvement in food production
  • Plant breeding, tissue culture, single cell protein, Biofortification
  • Apiculture and Animal husbandry
Part III
Microbes in human welfare

 In household food processing, industrial production, sewage treatment, energy generation and as biocontrol agents and biofertilizers.

 UNIT IV: Biotechnology and Its Applications AIPMT Syllabus

Principles and process of BiotechnologyGenetic engineering (Recombinant DNA technology)
Application of Biotechnology in health and agriculture
  • Human insulin and vaccine production, gene therapy
  • Transgenic Animals
  • Genetically modified organisms-Bt crops
  • Biosafety issues-Biopiracy and patents

UNIT V: Ecology and environment AIPMT Syllabus

Organisms and environment
  • Habitat and niche
  • Population and ecological adaptations
  • Population interactions-mutualism, competition, predation, parasitism
  • Population attributes-growth, birth rate and death rate, age distribution


  • Patterns, components
  • Productivity and decomposition
  • Energy flow
  • Pyramids of number, biomass, energy
  • Nutrient cycling (carbon and phosphorous)
  • Ecological succession
  • Ecological Services-Carbon fixation, pollination, oxygen release


Biodiversity and its conservation
  • Concept of Biodiversity
  • Patterns of Biodiversity
  • Importance of Biodiversity
  • Loss of Biodiversity
  • Biodiversity conservation
  • Hotspots, endangered organisms, extinction, Red Data Book, biosphere reserves, National parks and sanctuaries.


Environmental issues
  • Air pollution and its control
  • Water pollution and its control
  • Agrochemicals and their effects
  • Solid waste management
  • Radioactive waste management
  • Greenhouse effect and global warning
  • Ozone depletion
  • Deforestation
  • Any three case studies as success stories addressing environmental issues

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AIPMT Exam Pattern

  • According to the AIPMT Paper Pattern, AIPMT 2018 exam is going to be commenced on offline mode (pen paper mode).
  • AIPMT test will be conducted as Objective Type Questions.
  • Total 180 questions will be asked in AIPMT test 2018 as per AIPMT Syllabus.
  • AIPMT Question paper will be available in total 10 languages i.e. Hindi, English, Tamil, Telugu, Gujarati, Marathi, Bengali, Assamese, Oriya and Kannada
  • 3 hours will be provided to the candidates for solving the examination paper.
  • 4 marks will be awarded for each correct answer.
  • 1 mark will be deducted for each incorrect answer as negative marking.
SubjectsNumber of QuestionsMarks

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One comment

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